This airport surveillance camera video is one of two to have captured the full crash and rescue sequence of Asiana 214 at San Francisco International Airport on July 6, 2013. This video is from Airport Camera C225.
Saturday, July 6, 2013, Asiana Airlines B777-200ER, Flight 214 from Incheon Airport, South Korea crashed on its final approach at San Francisco Airport, USA.
Out of 307 passengers aboard, two passengers died at the crash scene, and a third died in a hospital several days later, all three of them teenage Chinese girls.
Another 187 individuals were injured, 49 of them seriously. Among the injured were three flight attendants who were thrown onto the runway while still strapped in their seats when the tail section broke off after striking the seawall short of the runway.
The flight was cleared for a visual approach to runway 28L at 11:21 a.m. PDT, and told to maintain a speed of 180 knots until the aircraft was 5 miles (8.0 km) from the runway. The Air Traffic controller gave clearance to land, when the plane was 1.5 miles (2.4 km) away,
At 11:28 a.m., HL7742 crashed short of runway 28L’s threshold. The landing gear and then the tail struck the seawall that projects into San Francisco Bay. Both engines and the tail section separated from the aircraft.
The NTSB noted that the main landing gear, the first part of the aircraft to hit the seawall, “separated cleanly from [the] aircraft as designed”.The vertical and both horizontal stabilizers fell on the runway before the threshold.
The remainder of the fuselage and wings rotated counter-clockwise approximately 330 degrees, as it slid westward.
After a minute or so, a dark plume of smoke was observed rising from the wreckage.
Two evacuation slides were deployed on the left side of the airliner and used for evacuation. Despite damage to the aircraft, “many … were able to walk away on their own”.
The slides for the first and second doors on the right side of the aircraft (doors 1R and 2R) deployed inside the aircraft, pinning the flight attendants seated nearby.
The final report into the crash was released on June 24, 2014. The NTSB found that the “Mismanagement of Approach and Inadequate Monitoring of Airspeed Led to Crash of Asiana flight 214”. The NTSB determined that the flight crew mismanaged the initial approach and that the airplane was well above the desired glidepath.
In response, the captain selected an inappropriate autopilot mode, which, without the captain’s awareness, resulted in the autothrottle no longer controlling airspeed. The aircraft then descended below the desired glide path with the crew unaware of the decreasing airspeed. The attempted go-around was conducted below 100 feet, by which time it was too late. Over-reliance on automation and lack of systems understanding by the pilots were cited as major factors contributing to the accident.