Airports charge fees from each airline to use their facilities and services and are translated into each ticket by the airlines. The airport charges vary with airport to airport based on the services they offer, location, traffic flow and the season.
The most known charges are, Landing fee, Terminal fee, Space rentals, Gate usage fee and in addition the airlines are charged for Emissions, Departing passengers, Parking, Peak/off-peak difference, Noise and weight, airside access driving, and ‘time and equipment’ charges in special scenarios such as emergency call out, fire, ambulance, and ect…
Airlines pay different rates depending on their frequency of landing, slot time and the weight of the aircraft. Every airport design its own fee structure based on airport traffic and the services it provide. For example, London Heathrow, charges an average £24 per passenger which includes Landing Charges, Departing Passenger Charges and Aircraft Parking Charges, excluding ANS.
Airlines are charged per 1000 lbs/kg on the aircraft maximum permissible takeoff weight (MTOW). For example, in a peak period an aircraft would pay $145.00 per 1000lbs at Toronto Pearson Airport, Canada.
General Terminal Charges
All passengers entering or existing an airport terminal should pay a Terminal fee. In most Airports, this fee is wrapped up into space rental, but in some airports passengers pay the exit fee. In Philippines terminal fee of $35 is charged when you exit the country.
Toronto Airport charges from the airline $7.06 per seat on domestic Arrivals (per seat) and $8.82 per seat on international Arrivals.
Space rentals are charged per square foot of square meter for ticket counters, baggage Area, holding rooms, business lounges, aprons, hangar space, ect.. Bigger airlines pay close to $400,000 per month on space usage rentals and transfer the cost into tickets.
Regular signatory airlines pay for the gates if they require additional gates other than on their lease agreement, whereas non-signatory airlines have to pay for every gate that they use. The fee could be between $300 to $600 per gate.
In addition to all the fees, there are fees for services such as de-icing, fire service, and many more emergency services. These are additional to the regular fees. For example, the average de-icing could cost for a small jet is $1500 per application and for the large jets around $10,000.
Airlines may pay for non-complaint airlines. For example Toronto Airport charges, failure to achieve service level standard for tow-off from gate $5,000.00/event and failure to maintain gate cleanliness standards $100.00/bag of waste.
All the above charges are passed on to every ticket and it varies as per the airport charges.