By: Dharmasiri Ehelepola
Cabin of an aircraft is the section in which passengers’ travel, cabin crew move around the isle in this area to carry out their functions to serve and facilitate passengers.
Commercial airlines divide the cabin into several sections. They could be to segregate classes of travel, as an example; First, Business, Premium Economy and economy.
Airlines decide the classes according to the demand after analytical studies carried out on the routes of operations as yield is important for the operation to be viable.
Higher the class comforts are more, seats are wider with extra leg space.
First and Business classes provide personalized service offered by well trained, carefully selected cabin crew
First Class –This section of the cabin of an airline offers the best service which is superior to all other classes of travel, and is more expensive than all other classes. Seats can be converted to beds for more relaxation especially on long haul flights. They are provided with complimentary items such as high quality pajamas, shoes and toiletries, personalized high quality Hi-FI entertainment and TV. They are entitled for separate check-in, access to the airlines first class lounge and preferred boarding and in exclusive luxury transport for remote bays.
On Board catering –Airline meal trolley introduced in the late 1960s is a small cart supplied by the carrier for use by cabin crew inside the aircraft for transportation of beverages, champagne, glasses cutlery vines hard liquor, food and other duty free items. First Business class meals require careful preparation. Special dietary meals are also available when necessary advance booking are made.
Crew seats allocated in the cabin, though not as comfortable as passenger seats are mainly for the crew to be seated during takeoff and landing according to international regulations .Certain times they occupy them to have a bit of a rest.
Cabin Pressurization- The process is active pumping of compressed air into the cabin of an aircraft in order to ensure safety and comfort to all crew and passengers on board. When the aircraft reaches a certain altitude, the natural atmospheric pressure is insufficient to supply necessary oxygen to travelers on board. Lack of pressurization will lead the occupants to suffer from altitude sickness including hypoxia
Emergency oxygen system These are emergency equipment fitted to pressurized commercial aircraft to be used when the cabin pressurized system fails and the cabin altitude is above a safe level. There are number of yellow individual oxygen masks (yellow soft silicone facial cap) stored in compartments near passenger seats, and near galleys and lavatories and an oxygen source.
In the event cabin pressurization is lost, compartment containing the oxygen mask will open automatically, either above or in front of passenger and crew seats. They will also open automatically during extreme rough landing or during severe turbulence. (A row of seats has an extra mask).Life jackets are also available stowed in the corner beneath your seat or panel above your head (correct position will be advised by the crew)
Emergency Doors-crew will advise about the number and the locations. Floor low power markings running along the cabin will illuminate in darkness to guide passengers to the nearest exit in an emergency.
Overhead Stowage Bins-These are available for stowing passenger carryon baggage, however there are restriction to the weight and size depending on the Airline
Toilets – They are located class wise .Build in tanks supply water for the flushes and wash basin use. Reasonable amount of toiletries, tissues, paper towels are available for the use of both passengers and crew.
P.A system and in flight passenger announcements by crew
The public address system is used to pass information to passengers, and generally they are used for the following purposes
(deviations according to operational requirement )
EG.Ladies and Gentleman the Captain has turned on the seat belt sign, if you haven’t already done so, please take your seat and fasten your seat belts…………..
One way to keep passengers happy is to provide good onboard entertainment. Hopefully the live television or blockbuster movie would alleviate the discomfort of any initial irritation due to some mishap. In-flight entertainment (IFE) on new planes have become sophisticated seat-back computers loaded with more movies than most multiplex cinemas, or wireless setups that stream content to your smart phone or tablet. IFE systems now include Internet connectivity, interactive maps, and even surround-sound audio.
On Board catering –Airline meal trolley introduced in the late 1960s is a small cart supplied by the carrier for use by cabin crew inside the aircraft for transportation of beverages, hard liquor, food and other items.