Exactly a century ago, Today, GE Aviation’s turbosupercharger took to the skies for the first time.
Today, GE Aviation celebrates its 100th Birthday.
What began as a small team of engineers and machinists working on an experimental project near the end of World War I has transformed into a global network designed to invent the future of flight, with more than 47,000 employees in 26 countries.
That small team, led by Dr. Sanford Moss, quickly set a precedent of technical innovation “firsts” for GE Aviation – a theme that continues today.
In the summer of 1919, the first GE Aviation product enabled an airplane to climb to nearly 30,000 feet, higher than any aircraft ever before. That product was the GE turbosupercharger—a centrifugal compressor that squeezed thin air with the help of hot exhaust gas from the engine to create a higher air density and oxygen level closer to sea-level pressure.
By 1943, more than 100,000 GE turbosuperchargers powered U.S. and Allied aircraft for World War II.
GE Aviation have been bringing many more “firsts” to the aviation world, that includes the first U.S. jet engine, the first turboprop engine, the first high bypass engine, the first 120,000+ lbs. thrust engine and the first composite fan blade in airline service.
1971 – GE entered into the civil market with a derivative engine, the CF6-6 high bypass turbofan engine, on the Douglas DC-10.
1980s, – the CF6 family of engines emerged as the most popular engines powering wide-body aircraft, including the Boeing 747 and 767, the Airbus A300, A310, A330 and the McDonnell Douglas MD-11.
Today, there are several engine lines that make up the CFM family;
The CFM56-2 powers more than 550 commercial and military aircraft worldwide.
The CFM56-3 powers approximately 2,000 Boeing 737 aircrafts.
The CFM56-5A/-5B engines power the Airbus Industrie A318, A319, A320, and A321.
The CFM56-5C is the exclusive powerplant for the long-range, four-engine Airbus A340.
1993 – The CFM56-7, powerplant for the Boeing Next-Generation 737-600/-700/-800/-900 series, the best-selling Boeing 737 family yet, was launched in late 1993.
1995 – the company made history when the first engine equipped with a double annular combustor (DAC), the CFM56-5B, entered commercial service with Swissair.
1998 – CFM56 Project TECH56, a technology acquisition program launched in 1998,
2008 – CFM International launched LEAP-X, an entirely new baseline turbofan engine to power future replacements for current narrow-body aircraft.
2009 – the LEAP-X development program reached its first milestone as the first core, eCore 1, successfully completed the first phase of testing.
Today, nearly 21,000 CFM engines are in service with more than 450 customers around the world, and Every two seconds of every day, a CFM-powered aircraft takes off somewhere in the world.
2001 — Air France launched the advanced GP7200 engine on the new Airbus A380-800.
2010 – The GEnx-2B engine was selected to power Boeing’s 747-8, and in February 2010, this engine powered the maiden flight of Boeing’s 747-8 aircraft.
Today, GE9x, Designed specifically for the Boeing 777X airplane. GE9X’s fan, composed of 16 whirling carbonfibre blades, measures 3.4m (134in) in diameter, which powers the first-generation 777.
The GE9X’s compressor has a 27:1 pressure ratio, and the engine has an overall pressure ratio of 60:1.